How to spot mites on dogs

Puppy’s first year

There are three main types of mites that can infest your dog – Dermodex mites, Sarcoptes mites and ear mites.


Dermodex mites are parasites that are found more often in young or malnourished and neglected dogs. These mites live in the hair follicle of dogs and are passed from the mother to her pups during nursing. Most dogs develop an immunity to infection with Dermodex mites, and the mites remain in the hair follicle without causing any symptoms. The problem arises if a dog’s immune system is compromised, either by poor health or nutrition. Symptoms include hair loss, thickening of the skin, and in some cases, other infections.


Sarcoptes mites, or scabies, is a mite infection that can affect dogs, but can also be transmitted to humans. The mites easily pass from an infected dog to other dogs that are close by. The infection is caused by Sarcoptic scabiei mites that burrow in the skin, which can lead to intense itching, hair loss, and further skin infections. Mite symptoms other than itching include red, scaly skin, starting in areas of thin hair, such as in the armpits and groin.


One way to check for ear mites is to collect a piece of debris from your dog’s outer ear canal on a dark background. Live mites appear as tiny white, moving specs. Seeing them helps confirm your dog has ear mites. If you can’t see moving white specs, it could be that the sample you took may not have contained live mites, and your dog may still be infested. So, it’s always a good idea to repeat the steps if you suspect your dog has ear mites. 

Medicine for mites on dogs

Protect your dog from mites with NEXGARD SPECTRA . Just one monthly chew treats and controls three of the most common mites infesting dogs, including Dermodex mites - the cause of dermodectic mange: Sarcoptes mites (also known as scabies) and Ear mites - the cause of otedectic mange. So, get your dog on NEXGARD SPECTRA and get rid of mites for good.